Transitory priority areas of German development cooperation
Following the ouster of the Taliban regime in December 2001, limited-term projects were launched with German and multilateral aid to promote civil society and the health sector, and strengthen rule-of-law structures. Even though demand in the health sector remains extremely high, this focus of development cooperation has expired, since many other donors have begun providing these services. More than 130 schools and 50 healthcare facilities were rehabilitated in the Parwan, Kapisa, Ghazni, Wardak, Khost, Paktia, Badghis, Takhar, Kandahar and Herat provinces and were supplied with school materials, medicine and medical equipment; training measures were also carried out. The project to promote the rule of law currently focuses on providing basic and further training to female police officers and other women working in the legal field (e.g. as judges and prosecutors). From the outset, German development cooperation made a decisive contribution to the political process, in particular by providing support to both Loya Jirgas (the Emergency Loya Jirga and the Constitutional Loya Jirga in December 2003) and for the upcoming elections, and by enhancing rule-of-law structures. As part of a cross-sectoral approach, German development cooperation is carrying out projects to strengthen the role of women and implement gender mainstreaming.